Stretching from 1635-1648, the war lost its religious character and has come to be political. Cardinal Richelieu, the real ruler of France, wanted to block the growth of Hapsburg power by interfering on the Protestant side. The war was a struggle between French Bourbons and Austrian Hapsburg. In 1635, Richelieu marched the Frence army into Germany and joined with the Swedish army. The Protestants and their allies had magnificent leaders, including Vicomte de Turenne and Louis II, the Prince of Conde. They won a series of victories, that gave new hope to the Protestants in Germany.