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Swedish Period

The Swedish Period lasted from 1630-1635. The King, Gustavus Adolphus, know as "the Lion to the North," had entered the war. He had two reasons for entering this war; He believed int the Protestant Cause, and feared Emperor Ferdinand would become too powerful. This was the first time a political issue entered the war.



In 1630, Gustavos set sail from Sweden with 13,000 men to alliviate the city of Magdeburg, which was under siege from Tilley. Gustavus had the best trained and disciplined army in Europe, but arrived to late to preven the looting, capture, and destruction of Magdeburg.


In 1631,the Swedish army defeated Tilly at the Battle of Breitenfield. In 1632, the swedes won another battle in which Tillley was killed.


Emperor Ferdinand sent for Wallenstein, who he previously dismissed. A new army of recruits was formed from many parts in Europe and placed under Wallenstein's leadership. Ferdinand created an alliance with Phillip IV of Spain. Wallenstein's army met Swedish forces at the Battle Of Lutzen in 1632. The Swedish won,but Gustavus was killed in battle. The Swedes proceed to struggle until 1634 when their army was annihilated in the Battle of Nordlingen. Ferdinand suspected that Wallenstein was negotiating with Protestants and ordered his immediate arrest. Wallenstein tried to ecape, but was assinated.






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